Missile Man of India A P J Abdul Kalam


Avdul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ka janma 15 October 1931 me Rameshwaram, Madras, Tamilnadu me hua tha. Wo ek Tamil muslim pariwar me janma liye the unke abbu Jainulabdeen ek naw ke malik the or sath hi sath unhan ke masjid me imam bhi the unki ammi ghar ke kam kaj karti thi. Kalam sabhi char bhaiyo me sabse chote the or unki ek bahan bhi thi. Kalam ka pariwar boht hi garib tha or Kalam bachpan se hi newspaper bech kar usme se jo kamai hoti thi wo unke pariwar me dete the taki unke abbu ko kuch madat ho jaye.

A P J Abdul Kalam

A P J Abdul Kalam
A P J Abdul Kalam

Kalam bachpan se hi ek average student the par wo boht hi mehnati the or unki padhne ki ichha sakti boht hi jyada thi or wo boht jyada samay kitabo me hi bitate the khaskar mathematics me. Unhone apni padhai Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, se pura kiya phir wo Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, University of Madras se unhone 1954 me physics me graduation pass kiya phir 1955 me Madras chale gaye Aerospace engineering ki padhai karne ke liye Madras Institute of Technology me aa gye jahan wo ek senior class project ke tor par kam kar rhe the par wahan ke Dean unke progress se nakhus the isiliye unhone kalam ka scholarship hatha diya jab ki project khatam bhi nhi hua tha.

Scientist Kalam

Graduation khatam karne ke bad 1960 me kalam ne Aeronautical Development Establishment ke Defence Research and Development Organisation. Defence Research and Development Service ke mamber ban ne ke bad wo scientist ban gaye. Kalam ne apni career ki shuruwat ek chote hovercraft ko design kar ke kiye the par wo unconvinced the apne DRDO me job chunne ke liye the, kalam sath hi sath INCOSPAR committee me Vikram Sarabhai ke sath kam kar rahe the. Kalam 1969 ko Indian Space Research Organisation me bhej diya gaya jahan unko India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) ke director banaya gaya jo ki successful deployed hua Rohini satellite jo ki prithiwi ke bohat pas ke orbit me July 1980 me hua. Kalam ne 1965 me akele hi ek roocket project me kam karna shuru kar diya or 1969 me unhe sarkar se is rocket project ho anumati mil gaya or sath me or engineers bhi. Kalam ne 1963 se 1964 me NASA ke Langley Research Center ko gaye the. 1970 or 1990 ke dasak me kalam ne apna pura samay ek Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle or SLV-III jaisa project ko successfully pura kiye. Raja Ramanna ne desh ke pahle nuclear test Smiling Buddha ke testing site me kalam ko invite kiya gaya tha jab ki wo is project me samil bhi nhi the. Kalam 1979 me do project sambhal rahe the jinka nam tha Project Devil or Project Valiant jo ki ek ballistic missile technology program tha jo successfully pura ho gaya.R Venkatraman ne cabinet se Mission Integrated Guided Missile Programme ( IGMDP) project ke liye 3.88 billion pass karaya jisme kalam ko chief executive bnaya gaya. Kalam ka boht hi mahapuran bhumika nibhaye boht sare missile program me jaise Agni, Prithvi jisme desh ko boht hi faida hua jaise jamin se jamin me fire or jamin se hawa me fire karne tak ki missile ko india me hi banaya gaya jisse desh ka boht sara paisa or samay bach gaya.

Adviser Kalam

Kalam Prime Minister ke Chief Scientific adviser ban gaye or Defence Research and Development Organisation ke Secretary ban gaye July 1992 se December 1999 tak.
Pokhran-II ke nuclear test me kalam ko Rajagopala Chidambaram ke sath Chief Project Coordinator bana diya gaya testing phase tak.

“Kalam-Raju Stent”

1998 me kalam ne ek cardiologist ke sath mil ke ek kam paiso wala coronary stent developed kiya us cardiologist ka nam Soma Raju tha isiliye us stent ka nam “Kalam-Raju Stent” nam diya gaya. Or 2012 me kalam or Raju ne ek rugged tablet bnaya jo ki gaon ke hospital me diya gaya or wo tablet “Kalam-Raju Tablet” ke nam se jana jata hai.

President Kalam

Bharat ke gyarwen Rastayapati bane. Kalam ne 2002 me Rastayapati chunaw jeet liya unhe 922,884 electoral vote mile. Wo 25 July 2002 se 25 July 2005 tak desh ke Rastayapati the. Jb 10 June 2002 me National Democratic Alliance (NDA) jiski us samay ki sarkar bharat desh me thi or sath hi sath Samajwadi Party or Nationalist Congress Party sab ne milkar Kalam ko support kiya tha. Kalam ne apna nomination papers 18 June ko bharatiya parliament me jama kiya jo ki Atal Bihari Vajpayee or unke senior Cabinet ne liya.
Kalam ke Rastayapati ke samay me unhe janta ka Rastayapati bola jata tha unke Rastayapati kal me unka sabse kathor faisla Office of Profit Bill jisme unhone sign kiya tha. Kalam ko boht sare logo ne criticised kiya unke 20 me se 21 mercy petitions ko pas kiya tha.
Article 72 Jo ki bharat ke samvidhan ka hai jisme bharat ke Rastayapati ko power deta hai pardons ko pas kiya or commute death sentence ko rok diya or death row ko convicts kiya.
September 2003 me PGI Chandigarh ke interactive session me kalam ne Uniform Civil Code ko bharat ki population ko dekhte hue bharat me lagu karne ke liye support kiya tha.

Kalam Bibado Mai.

Kalam ne Dhananjoy Chatterjee ke mercy petition ko nakar diya or use fasi ki saja suna diya gaya. Uske bad Afzal Guru jo ki Kashmiri Aatankwadi tha jo ki December 2001 me bharat ke sansad bhawan me hamla karne ke jurm me Supreme Court ne fasi ki saja de di. Bad me wo phir se Bibado ke rahe jab wo 2005 me Bihar me Rastayapati sasan lagu kar diye.

Leave a Comment

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap